P1010546Smilax laurifolia

Vine; perennial

Native: L 48

Blooming:  July, August, green-white

Location: N 30 00.173’W084 32.651′(.2RL), N 30 00.176’W084 33.485′(1.75RL), N 30 00.569’W084 34.059′(3.2RL)

There are at least two species of Smilax on Womack Creek.

Laurel greenbrier are important to black bears and birds which feed on its fruit which is shiney-black.   The fruit matures the second season after the vines set fruit and overwinters.   This photo of the fruit was taken on 3/13/2013.

Native Americans used the root bark for as medicine for burns and sores and urinary disturbances.  The root was also pounded and ground into flour for bread.  The Seminoles used the plant for buckskin dye.

On a field trip Professor Anderson noted that the early spring tips of the vine have been known to be eaten.  One of us took a sample and it had a taste which seemed similar to young fern fronds which she had gathered as a  child in Hawaii, which her grandmother considered a delicacy.   Her grandmother lightly stir fried it.