Archives for the month of: May, 2014





Hydrocotyl verticillata

Forb/Herb; Perennial

Native:  L 48, Hawaii, introduced

Blooming:  May, white

Location:  N 30 00.846 W 084 34.576 (3.8RR), N 30 00.829 W 084 34.395 (?RR)








Eumorpha fasciatus

Family:  Sphingidae

Adult size:  Wingspan 3 7/16-3 13/16 inches

Habitat:  tropical, subtropical, astral lowlands

Range:  Northern Argentina through Central American; Mexico to southern California and southern Arizona east to Florida; north to Missouri, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York and Nova Scotia

Habits: Adults feed after dark; Caterpillars pupate in shallow chambers in soil

Food:  Adults: nectar; Caterpillars: primrose willow or evening primrose family & other plants

Source:  Butterflies and Moths of North America

This moth alighted on Ed’s arm as we were searching through the rushes for a stem to identify whether that plant was a sedge (it has edges), rush (it is round), or a grass (it has joints).  It would have stayed there longer than the time we had, so we waved it in the air to flight.







Osmunda cinnamomea

forbe/herb, perennial

Native:  Canada, PR, L 48

Frond development: April

Location:  Nick’s Road primitive camp site, along Womack creek

Cinnamon ferns thrive after being burned in managed burns, and may colonize after a fire.  In the everglades, however, ferns growing in areas not subject to burning are thicker than in areas which have been burned.

In southeastern NC, while still young, cinnamon ferns are the second choice to cane, of foraging cattle.  White tailed deer in SE Virginia have been seen grazing on the fronds.  The leaves are not consider palatable to animals.

The area where this stand of ferns was photographed was with 6 months subject to a managed burn.  The photo was taken in mid May, 2014.


Saurus cernuus

Forb/herb, perennial

Native: L48 and Canada

Blooming:  May, white

Location: N 30 00.132, W 084 32.996 (.75 RL), N 30 00.102, W 084 32.477 (.2RR)






Carex atlantica ssp capillacea


Perennial; Native to L 48 & Canada

Height:  18 inches at maturity; maximum height about 20 inches

Blooming:   March

Reproduction:  Seeds in early summer

pH tolerance:  4.5 – 6

Location:  N 30 00.417 W 084 33.838 (2.3 RR)

Salinity tolerance:  low




Nerodia fasciata fasciata

Adult size:  24-42 inches, record 60 inches

Range:  Florida up coastal plains to North Carolina; southwestern Alabama.

Habitat:  Freshwater ponds, streams, rivers and marshes

Habit: Non-venomous.  When threatened excudes musky smell and can bite.  Active mostly at night.

Food:  Fishes, frogs, salamanders, crayfish and tadpoles.

Reproduction:  Mate in spring, 7 1/2-9 1/2 inches young in summer.

Source:  Florida Museum of Natural History, UFL




Nerodia erythrogaster erythrogaster

Adult size:  28-48 inches, record is 62 inches

Range:  Northern peninsula of  Florida,  Florida panhandle.  In western panhandle interbreed with yellobelly water snake (Nerodia erythrogaster flavigaster).  Also found in southern Alabama, along the northern coastal plain to Virginia.

Habitat:  rivers, lakes, ponds, swamps and cypress strands.

Habit:  Non-venomous.  In the heat of summer active in early morning, later afternoon and night.

Food:  Fishes and frogs

Reproduction:  Live bearing, 11-30 young 9-11 1/2 inches.

Source: Florida Museum of Natural History, UFL.



Chasmanthium latifolium


Perennial, native


Location: N 30 00.105 W084 32.520 (.2RR)

Height: up to 4 feet, but usually shorter

Good groundcover for eroding, shady areas in moist to well-drained soils.  Will not thrive in intense sunlight. Salt tolerant.

Seeds are eaten by birds and rodents.  The leaf is used by Linda’s Roadside Skipper (OK) for eggs.


Photographed November 10, 2016.



Libellula vibrans

Either female or immature male

Habitats:  ponds, slow streams and especially swamps

Frequency:  common April, May, June, July, August, September

Behaviour:  unwary

Information from Giff Beaton, Dragonflies and Damselflies of Georgia and the Southeast.