Sambucus nigra

Shrub/tree, perennial

Native:  L 48, Hi, VI

The elderberry is a small shrub or tree not exceeding 20 feet in height which prefers moist locations.

Its flowers have both male and female parts which are fertilized by flies.  All but the flowers and fruit are considered poisonous to animals, containing glycoside sambunigun

Nevertheless the bark, leaves, flowers and fruit have medicinal uses for bronchial and respiratory ailments and infections.  The fruits also have been used to treat other ailments.  Flowers and/or fruits have been made into infusions.  The fruit which turns dark purple when ripe in early fall is edible and earn by warblers, orioles, tanagers, catbirds, thrashers, mocking birds, waxwings.

The tree is a favorite nesting site for hummingbirds, warblers and vireos.